Grammar rules are confusing, even for native English speakers. Consider gerunds, or words with an -ing ending. You might also know them as action verbs.
You’re probably used to hearing and seeing them all over the place, but do you know the rules for gerunds?
A preposition explains a relationship with space or time and modifies the words that come after it. Prepositions include to, in, at, on, since, up, down, under, and many others. In order to use a verb properly after a preposition, you have to use it as a gerund. (Unless you’re using the preposition but. Sorry, we said English was tricky.)
In these examples, the preposition is in italics and the gerund is in bold.
Gerunds can also be used after a noun plus a preposition.
And after an adjective plus a preposition.
The present simple tense is used in English to talk about things that are true at the moment. For example, you could use gerunds to discuss things that you or someone else likes or dislikes.
Gerunds could also be used to talk about things you remember.
You could use gerunds to talk about things you’re going to try.
It’s common to use gerunds when discussing feelings of remorse or regret.
When using a gerund as the subject in a sentence, you’ll spot it at the beginning.